Law

Curriculum Mapping Document

Year

Term

Curriculum

Assessment

12

Autumn 1

OCR A LEVEL LAW  - H415

 

Sentencing:

·         Sentencing and court powers: 

·         aims, factors and types of sentences.

·         Evaluation of the different types of sentences 

Lay people:

·         Lay magistrates & juries: qualifications, selection, appointment & their role in criminal cases.

·         Evaluation of of using lay people in criminal cases.

Legal personnel:

·         Barristers, solicitors and legal executives:

·         qualifications, training, work and regulation of legal professions. 

·         Changes and trends in legal services, including the impact of technology and globalisation.

The judiciary: 

·         qualifications, selection and appointment, training, role, retirement & removal.

·         The separation of powers and the independence of the judiciary.

·         Evaluation of the legal professions and the judiciary.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Autumn 2

Civil courts and other forms of dispute resolution

    • County Court and High Court: jurisdictions, pre-trial procedures, the 3 track system.
    • Appeals and appellate courts.
    • Tribunals and Alternative Dispute Resolution.
    • On-line courts and On-line Dispute Resolution.
  • Evaluation of the civil courts and other forms of dispute resolution.

Criminal courts and lay people

  • Criminal process:  Jurisdiction of the Magistrates’ Court and the Crown Court, including classification of offences and pre-trial procedures.
  • Appeals and appellate courts.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Spring 1

Access to justice

  • Government funding for civil and criminal cases.
  • Private funding, conditional fees, other advice agencies.
  • Evaluation of access to justice.

Parliamentary law making

  • Influences on Parliament: political, public opinion, media, pressure groups and lobbyists.
  • Legislative process – Green and White Papers, different types of Bill, legislative stages in the House of Commons and the House of Lords and the role of the Crown.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of influences on law making.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of the legislative process.

Statutory interpretation

  • Rules of statutory interpretation: the literal, golden and mischief rule.
  • The purposive approach.
  • Aids to interpretation: rules of language, intrinsic and extrinsic aids.
  • Impact of EU Law & the Human Rights Act 1998 on statutory interpretation.
  • Advantages & disadvantages of the different approaches and aids to statutory interpretation.

Judicial precedent

  • The Doctrine of Precedent including stare decisis, ratio decidendi, obiter dicta.
  • The hierarchy of the courts including the Supreme Court.
  • Binding, persuasive and original precedent; overruling; reversing; distinguishing.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of precedent.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Spring 2

Delegated legislation

  • Types of delegated legislation: Orders in Council, Statutory Instruments and By-laws.
  • Controls on delegated legislation by Parliament & the courts, and their effectiveness.
  • Reasons for the use of delegated legislation.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of delegated legislation.

Law reform

  • Law reform including the Law Commission.
  • Advantages and disadvantages of law reform bodies.

European Union law

  • Institutions of the European Union.
  • Sources of European Union law.
  • Impact of European Union law on the law of England and Wales.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Summer 1

CONTRACT:  Rules and theory

  • An outline of the rules of the law of contract.
  • An overview of the theory of the law of contract.

Formation

    • Offer and acceptance, including the rules of communication and revocation.
    • Intention to create legal relations: domestic and commercial, presumptions and rebuttals.
    • Consideration: adequacy, sufficiency, past consideration, pre-existing duties.
    • Privity: the rights of third parties under the Contract (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999 and common law exceptions.
  • Critical evaluation of formation

Terms

    • Express and implied terms, including the Consumer Rights Act 2015.
    • Types of term: conditions, warranties, innominate terms.
    • Exclusion and limitation clauses, including the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 and the Consumer Rights Act 2015.
  • Critical evaluation of contract terms, including ideas for reform.

 

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Summer 2

Vitiating factors

  • Misrepresentation, including omission in consumer contexts.
  • Economic duress.

Discharge

  • Performance
  • Frustration
  • Breach of contract: actual and anticipatory breach.

 Remedies

  • Damages: compensatory damages; causation & remoteness of damage; mitigation of loss.
  • Equitable remedies.
  • Consumer remedies under the Consumer Rights Act 2015.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

13

Autumn 1

TORT:

Rules and theory

  • An outline of the rules of the law of tort.
  • An overview of the theory of the law of tort.

Liability in negligence

  • Liability in negligence for injury to people and damage to property.
  • The duty of care:  Donoghue v Stevenson 1932 and the neighbour principle, & Caparo test.
  • Breach of duty:  the objective standard of care and the reasonable man; risk factors.
  • Damage:  factual causation and the ‘but for’ test; legal causation.

Occupiers’ liability

  • Liability in respect of lawful visitors (Occupiers’ Liability Act 1957).
  • Liability in respect of trespassers (Occupiers’ Liability Act 1984).

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Autumn 2

Torts connected to land

  • Public and private nuisance.
  • Rylands v Fletcher.

Vicarious liability

  • Nature and purpose of vicarious liability.
  • Liability for employees, including testing employment status and torts in or not in the course of employment.
  • Liability for the crimes of employees and liability for independent contractors.

Defences

  • Contributory negligence.
  • Volenti non fit injuria.
  • Defences specific to claims connected to nuisance and Rylands v Fletcher.

Remedies

  • Compensatory damages.
  • Mitigation of loss.
  • Injunctions.

Evaluation

  • Critical evaluation of liability in negligence, occupiers’ liability, torts connected to land and vicarious liability, including ideas for reform.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Spring 1

Introduction to the nature of law

  • Law and rules: the difference between enforceable legal rules and principles and other rules and norms of behaviour.
  • The connections between law, morality and justice.
  • The differences between civil and criminal law.
  • An overview of the development of English law: custom, common law, equity, statute law.
  • An overview of common law and civil law legal systems.
  • The rule of law:  definition and importance.

Law and morality

  • The distinction between law and morals.
  • The diversity of moral views in a pluralist society.
  • The relationship between law and morals and its importance.
  • The legal enforcement of moral values.

Law and justice

  • The meaning of justice.
  • Theories of justice.
  • The extent to which the law achieves justice.

Law and society

  • The role law plays in society.
  • The law as a social control mechanism.
  • The way in which the law creates and deals with consensus and conflict.
  • The realist approach to law making.

Law and technology

  • The intersection of law and technology.
  • Key issues, including privacy and data protection and cyber-crime.
  • Cross-border issues and future challenges.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Spring 2

Rules and theory

  • An outline of the rules of criminal law
  • An overview of the theory of criminal law

General elements of criminal liability

  • Actus reus:  conduct and consequence crimes; voluntary acts and omissions; involuntariness; causation.
  • Mens rea:  fault; intention and subjective recklessness; negligence and strict liability; transferred malice; coincidence of actus reus and mens rea.

Fatal offences against the person

  • Murder:  actus reus and mens rea.
  • Voluntary manslaughter: defences of loss of control and diminished responsibility under Coroners and Justice Act 2009.
  • Involuntary manslaughter: unlawful act manslaughter and gross negligence manslaughter.

Non-fatal offences against the person

  • Common assault: assault and battery under s39 Criminal Justice Act 1988.
  • Assault occasioning actual bodily harm, wounding and grievous bodily harm under s47, s20, s18 Offences Against the Person Act 1861.

Offences against property

  • Theft under s1 Theft Act 1968.
  • Robbery under s8 Theft Act 1968.
  • Burglary under s9(1)(a) and s9(1)(b) Theft Act 1968.

Mental capacity defences

  • Insanity, automatism, intoxication.

 General defences

  • Self-defence, duress by threats, duress of circumstances and necessity.
  • Consent

Preliminary offences

  • Attempts: the actus reus and mens rea; impossibility.

Evaluation

  • Critical evaluation of offences against the person, offences against property and defences including ideas for reform.

 

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Summer 1

CB - A2 revision

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.

Summer 2

CB revision up to exam dates.

Knowledge tests; quizzes; case studies; exam questions; timed essays.